@BeforeAllis used to signal that the annotated method should be executed before all tests in the current test class.
In contrast to
methods are only executed once for a given test class.
@BeforeAll methods must have a
void return type, must not
private, and must be
static by default. Consequently,
@BeforeAll methods are not supported in
classes or as interface default methods unless the test class is
However, beginning with Java 16
@BeforeAll methods may be declared as
@Nested test classes, and the
Lifecycle.PER_CLASS restriction no longer applies.
methods may optionally declare parameters to be resolved by
Inheritance and Execution Order
@BeforeAll methods are inherited from superclasses as long as
they are not hidden (default mode with
overridden, or superseded (i.e., replaced based on
signature only, irrespective of Java's visibility rules). Furthermore,
@BeforeAll methods from superclasses will be executed before
@BeforeAll methods in subclasses.
@BeforeAll methods declared in an interface are
inherited as long as they are not hidden or overridden,
@BeforeAll methods from an interface will be executed before
@BeforeAll methods in the class that implements the interface.
JUnit Jupiter does not guarantee the execution order of multiple
@BeforeAll methods that are declared within a single test class or
test interface. While it may at times appear that these methods are invoked
in alphabetical order, they are in fact sorted using an algorithm that is
deterministic but intentionally non-obvious.
@BeforeAll methods are in no way linked to
@AfterAll methods. Consequently, there are no guarantees with regard
to their wrapping behavior. For example, given two
createB() as well as
order in which the
@BeforeAll methods are executed (e.g.
createB()) does not imply any order for the
@AfterAll methods. In other words,
destroyA() might be called before or after
destroyB(). The JUnit Team therefore recommends that developers
declare at most one
@BeforeAll method and at most one
@AfterAll method per test class or test interface unless there are no
dependencies between the
@BeforeAll methods or between the
@BeforeAll may be used as a meta-annotation in order to create
a custom composed annotation that inherits the semantics of