Annotation Interface AfterEach

@AfterEach is used to signal that the annotated method should be executed after each @Test, @RepeatedTest, @ParameterizedTest, @TestFactory, and @TestTemplate method in the current test class.

Method Signatures

@AfterEach methods must have a void return type, must not be private, and must not be static. They may optionally declare parameters to be resolved by ParameterResolvers.

Inheritance and Execution Order

@AfterEach methods are inherited from superclasses as long as they are not overridden. Furthermore, @AfterEach methods from superclasses will be executed after @AfterEach methods in subclasses.

Similarly, @AfterEach methods declared as interface default methods are inherited as long as they are not overridden, and @AfterEach default methods will be executed after @AfterEach methods in the class that implements the interface.

JUnit Jupiter does not guarantee the execution order of multiple @AfterEach methods that are declared within a single test class or test interface. While it may at times appear that these methods are invoked in alphabetical order, they are in fact sorted using an algorithm that is deterministic but intentionally non-obvious.

In addition, @AfterEach methods are in no way linked to @BeforeEach methods. Consequently, there are no guarantees with regard to their wrapping behavior. For example, given two @BeforeEach methods createA() and createB() as well as two @AfterEach methods destroyA() and destroyB(), the order in which the @BeforeEach methods are executed (e.g. createA() before createB()) does not imply any order for the seemingly corresponding @AfterEach methods. In other words, destroyA() might be called before or after destroyB(). The JUnit Team therefore recommends that developers declare at most one @BeforeEach method and at most one @AfterEach method per test class or test interface unless there are no dependencies between the @BeforeEach methods or between the @AfterEach methods.


@AfterEach may be used as a meta-annotation in order to create a custom composed annotation that inherits the semantics of @AfterEach.

See Also:
BeforeEach, BeforeAll, AfterAll, Test, RepeatedTest, TestFactory, TestTemplate